Jakarta Is The Fastest Sinking City In The World: Is It A Consequence Of Rapid Urbanisation?


ENVIRONMENT


"Residents of Jakarta are continually paying the price for their Government’s mismanaged response to the sinking city. Previous attempts at addressing the crisis have failed, and now more than ever, a solution is needed".

- The Organization For World Peace




Jakarta is dealing with the significant threat of yearly sea-level rise.


With more than ten million people living in and around the city, Indonesia faces a difficult challenge.


Jakarta has been sinking for decades, predominantly on the north coast, where the city meets the Java Sea. Here, many of the residents have lost their homes and livelihood. The people are forced to rebuild every year as the seawater continues to push through the ground and damage everything around it.


Concrete walls have been built on the edge of the most affected coastal towns in a desperate attempt to stop the water from overflowing.


The latest prediction; a large portion of the city (millions of homes) could be underwater by 2050! Models predict that by this time; 95% of North Jakarta could be submerged underwater.


Imagine living on the coast, surrounded by water, yet as a resident, you actually don’t have a sufficient supply of clean pumped water. Whilst rising sea levels play a role, a lack of access to water (a basic human right) plays a major part in this problem.


Let’s find out why.


The Rapid Urbanisation Of Jakarta


What is one thing all megacities have in common; concrete. Unfortunately, this is a hugely underestimated issue. The rapid urbanisation of Jakarta is the cause of numerous problems including traffic, pollution and floods.


The impact of continuous expansion can have major environmental consequences. The cities expansion quickly saw a loss of agricultural land, including rice fields, a reduction in green space,and an increase in traffic and pollution. Furthermore, it made way for severe flooding and landslides.


After decades and billions of dollars later, the goal of a flood-free Jakarta continues to be elusive. With climate change bringing more extreme and unpredictable weather patterns, flooding is expected to worsen if nothing is done”.

Channel News Asia